The effect of neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage on smoking status, quit attempts, and receipt of cessation support among adults with cancer: Results from nine ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group trials

Angela Wangari Walter*, Ju Whei Lee, Joanna M. Streck, Ilana F. Gareen, Benjamin A. Herman, Sheetal M. Kircher, Ruth C. Carlos, Shaji K. Kumar, Ingrid A. Mayer, Nabil F. Saba, Timothy S. Fenske, Joel W. Neal, Michael B. Atkins, Frank S. Hodi, Christos E. Kyriakopoulos, Clare M. Tempany-Afdhal, Tait D. Shanafelt, Lynne I. Wagner, Stephanie R. Land, Jamie S. OstroffElyse R. Park

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Tobacco use is associated with adverse outcomes among patients diagnosed with cancer. Socioeconomic determinants influence access and utilization of tobacco treatment; little is known about the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage (NSD) and tobacco assessment, assistance, and cessation among patients diagnosed with cancer. Methods: A modified Cancer Patient Tobacco Use Questionnaire (C-TUQ) was administered to patients enrolled in nine ECOG-ACRIN clinical trials. We examined associations of NSD with (1) smoking status, (2) receiving tobacco cessation assessment and support, and (3) cessation behaviors. NSD was classified by tertiles of the Area Deprivation Index. Associations between NSD and tobacco variables were evaluated using logistic regression. Results: A total of 740 patients completing the C-TUQ were 70% male, 94% White, 3% Hispanic, mean age 58.8 years. Cancer diagnoses included leukemia 263 (36%), lymphoma 141 (19%), prostate 131 (18%), breast 79 (11%), melanoma 69 (9%), myeloma 53 (7%), and head and neck 4 (0.5%). A total of 402 (54%) never smoked, 257 (35%) had formerly smoked, and 81 (11%) were currently smoking. Patients in high disadvantaged neighborhoods were approximately four times more likely to report current smoking (odds ratio [OR], 3.57; 95% CI, 1.69–7.54; p =.0009), and more likely to report being asked about smoking (OR, 4.24; 95% CI, 1.64–10.98; p =.0029), but less likely to report receiving counseling (OR, 0.11; 95% CI, 0.02–0.58; p =.0086) versus those in the least disadvantaged neighborhoods. Conclusions: Greater neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage was associated with smoking but less cessation support. Increased cessation support in cancer care is needed, particularly for patients from disadvantaged neighborhoods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)439-452
Number of pages14
Journalcancer
Volume130
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2024

Keywords

  • 5 As
  • cancer
  • clinical trial
  • smoking cessation
  • tobacco use

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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