The oxidative dehydrogenation of butane over a series of orthovanadates of cations of different reduction potentials showed a correlation that the selectivity for dehydrogenation decreased with increasing ease of reduction of the cation. The highest selectivity was observed on Mg orthovanadate. Mg pyrovanadate was nonselective for butane oxidation, but was as selective as Mg orthovanadate in propane oxidation. These results were interpreted by the different structures of the two Mg vanadates.
- cation reduction potential
- oxide structure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry