The effect of pre- vs. post-reward attainment on EEG asymmetry in melancholic depression

Stewart A Shankman*, Casey Sarapas, Daniel N. Klein

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Clinical investigators have long theorized about the role of reward processing and positive affect in depression. One theory posits that compared to nonmelancholic depressives, melancholic depressives experience less consummatory (i.e., post-reward), but comparably low anticipatory (prior to reward), positive affect. We tested whether frontal EEG asymmetry, a putative marker of the anticipatory reward system, is present only before an individual receives a reward or also after receiving a reward (i.e., during consummatory reward processing). We also examined whether melancholic depression, a condition characterized by a deficit in consummatory reward processing, is associated with abnormal EEG asymmetries in alpha band power. Effects in other frequency bands (delta, theta, or beta) were also explored. EEG was recorded in 34 controls, 48 nonmelancholic depressives, and 17 melancholic depressives during a slot machine task designed to elicit anticipatory and consummatory reward processing. Results indicated that, for alpha, the frontal EEG asymmetry of greater relative left activity was specific to anticipatory reward processing. During the consummatory phase, individuals with melancholic depression exhibited different posterior EEG asymmetries than individuals with nonmelancholic depression (and controls at a trend level). This second finding was largely due to melancholics exhibiting relatively lower right posterior activity and nonmelancholics exhibiting relatively lower left activity. These results suggest that a posterior asymmetry may be a marker for melancholic depression and aberrant consummatory reward processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)287-295
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011


  • Anticipatory
  • Consummatory
  • EEG asymmetry
  • Melancholia
  • Positive affect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The effect of pre- vs. post-reward attainment on EEG asymmetry in melancholic depression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this