The effect of tandospirone, a serotonin1A agonist, on memory function in schizophrenia

Tomiki Sumiyoshi*, Mie Matsui, Ikiko Yamashita, Shigeru Nohara, Masayoshi Kurachi, Takashi Uehara, Sawako Sumiyoshi, Chika Sumiyoshi, Herbert Y. Meltzer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations


Background: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that the addition of tandospirone, a 5-HT1A partial agonist, to ongoing treatment with typical antipsychotic drugs, would improve memory function in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Eleven outpatients (male/female = 7/4) with schizophrenia who had been on stable doses of haloperidol and biperiden were given tandospirone, 30 mg/day, for 4 weeks. The Wechsler Memory Scale - Revised (WMS-R) was administered at baseline and 4 weeks after the addition of tandospirone. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS; Total, Positive, and Negative subscale scores) and the Simpson-Angus Scale for Extrapyramidal Symptoms (SAS) were also completed on the two occasions. To exclude the possibility of a practice effect on the WMS-R test, 11 age-matched patients with schizophrenia (M/F = 7/4) were tested at baseline and after a 4-week interval. Results: Repeated measures analysis of variance revealed a significant time by group (patients with or without tandospirone) effect for the Verbal-, but not the Visual Memory composite scores of the WMS-R test; no significant change was observed in patients without tandospirone, whereas improvement in the Verbal Memory score was noted in patients receiving tandospirone. Moreover, there was improvement in the Inclusion score, an index of memory organization as measured by the Logical Memory subtest of WMS-R, only in patients with tandospirone. Scores on the BPRS and SAS were improved during treatment with tandospirone, but the effects did not reach statistical significance. Conclusions: The results suggest that adjunctive treatment with 5-HT1A agonists may improve some types of memory function in schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)861-868
Number of pages8
JournalBiological psychiatry
Issue number10
StatePublished - May 15 2001


  • 5-HT agonist
  • Cognitive function
  • Memory organization
  • Schizophrenia
  • Verbal memory
  • Wechsler Memory Scale - Revised

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry

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