The effect of wholesale market deregulation on shareholder wealth in the electric power industry

David Besanko, Julia D'Souza, S. Ramu Thiagarajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper analyzes electric utility stock price reactions to events preceding the passage of the Energy Policy Act of 1992, a development that precipitated the onset of competition in the wholesale sector of the electric utility industry and accelerated the pace toward state-level deregulation of the retail sector. For the industry as a whole, we find that, at worst, investors had neutral reactions to events preceding wholesale deregulation. However, stock price reactions vary systematically with differences in incumbent utilities' marginal costs, though not with differences in fixed costs or purchased power costs. These results are consistent with the notion that new technologies have substantially reduced barriers to entry into the electric power generation industry, rendering capital cost advantages of incumbent utilities vulnerable to being neutralized by new entrants. However, marginal cost advantages are more likely to be sustainable because they are likely to be driven by inimitable locational advantages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-88
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Law and Economics
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Law

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