The effects of daily co-occurrence of affect on older adults’ reactivity to health stressors

Jennifer L. Ramsey*, Shevaun D. Neupert, Daniel K. Mroczek, Avron Spiro

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The present study examined age differences among older adults in the daily co-occurrence of affect and its potential role in buffering the negative effects of health stressors. Design: Participants were from the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study and included 249 young-old adults (age = 60–79 years, M = 71.6) and 64 old-old adults (age = 80–89, M = 82.9) who completed questionnaires assessing stressors, physical health symptoms, and positive and negative affect for eight consecutive days. Results: An independent samples t-test showed young-old and old-old adults did not significantly differ in their mean levels of daily co-occurrence of affect. The between-person relationships among stressors, health and daily co-occurrence of affect revealed that neither stressors nor health were significantly related to daily co-occurrence of affect. However, results from a multilevel model revealed a three-way cross-level interaction (health stressor × age group × co-occurrence of affect) where old-old adults with higher levels of co-occurrence of affect were less emotionally reactive to health stressors than young-old adults. Conclusion: These findings provide support for the assertion that co-occurrence of affect functions in an adaptive capacity and highlight the importance of examining domain-specific stressors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-378
Number of pages15
JournalPsychology and Health
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 2016

Keywords

  • aging
  • daily co-occurrence of affect
  • health stress
  • negative affect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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