The effects of short-term variation in abortion funding on pregnancy outcomes

Philip J. Cook*, Allan M. Parnell, Michael J. Moore, Deanna Pagnini

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Scopus citations


The appropriations for North Carolina's abortion fund have proven inadequate during five of the years between 1980 and 1994. This on-again, off-again funding pattern provides a natural experiment for estimating the short-run effect of changes in the cost of abortions on the number of abortions to indigent women. Using an unusually detailed dataset, we estimate the effects of funding termination on the monthly abortion and birth rates. Overall, approximately one-third of pregnancies that would have resulted in an abortion, had state funds been available, are instead carried to term.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-257
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Health Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1999
Externally publishedYes


  • Abortion
  • Fertility
  • Public policy
  • Welfare

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Policy


Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of short-term variation in abortion funding on pregnancy outcomes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this