Temperature and starvation were found to be factors which affected the PPP dehydrogenase activities in brook trout liver. Fish acclimated at 5 °C possessed greater levels of G6PD, H6PD, and 6PGD activity than those fish maintained at 10 or 15 °C. This phenomenon was probably associated with increased lipogenesis during cold acclimation. During starvation hepatic G6PD and 6PGD activities decreased, whereas H6PD activity increased slightly. Upon refeeding, the G6PD level gradually increased, but the "overshoot" in enzyme activity reported in mammalian studies was not observed. When both cold acclimation and starvation were studied simultaneously, regulation by temperature was initially the dominant control factor. After 6 wk at 5 °C, there was no difference in specific activities between starved and fed fish. However, fish maintained at 5 °C for longer than 2 mo did show the normal response to starvation and refeeding. Therefore, regulation of the PPP by temperature appears to be a transitory phenomenon and may be associated with temporary metabolic reorganization in the fish.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology