The effects of traumatic stressors and HIV-related trauma symptoms on health and health related quality of life

Vienna R. Nightingale*, Tamara G. Sher, Melissa Mattson, Sarah Thilges, Nathan B. Hansen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    20 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The study identified relations among traumatic stressors, HIV-related trauma symptoms, comorbid medical conditions, and health related quality of life (HRQL) in individuals with HIV. Participants (N = 118) completed a structured clinical interview on HIV as a traumatic stressor and other severe traumatic stressors and completed the Impact of Event Scale to assess HIV-related trauma symptoms and the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form (SF-36) to assess HRQL. Medical chart reviews determined comorbid conditions. Path analysis findings indicated participants with prior severe traumatic stressors experienced their HIV diagnosis as traumatic and in turn were more likely to have current HIV-related trauma symptoms which were negatively related to HRQL. HIV as a traumatic stressor was related to coronary artery diseases and HRQL. Traumatic stressors and HIV-related trauma symptoms impact health in individuals with HIV and highlight the need for psychological interventions prior to diagnosis and throughout treatment.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1870-1878
    Number of pages9
    JournalAIDS and behavior
    Volume15
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Nov 2011

    Keywords

    • HIV
    • Health related quality of life
    • Medical comorbidity
    • Path analysis
    • Traumatic stress

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Psychology
    • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
    • Infectious Diseases

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of traumatic stressors and HIV-related trauma symptoms on health and health related quality of life'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this