|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Concise Encyclopedia of Comparative Sociology|
|Editors||Masamichi Sasaki, Jack Goldstone, Ekkart Zimmermann, Stephen K Sanderson|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - 2014|
Historically, the emergence of nation-states involves several distinct but related processes: the hierarchical location of final authority, that is, sovereignty; the acceptance of the principle that such sovereignty is territorially demarcated and circumscribed; and nation building. This chapter discusses how these processes interacted and sometimes contradicted each other, and how some political communities have been able to create vibrant nation-states whereas others continue in their struggles to do so. Furthermore, the chapter shows how changes in the international environment have dramatically changed the pattern of how nation-states emerge. Nation building involves not only the creation of a community that identifies with the state; it simultaneously required the displacement of rival forms of communal identity, such as kinship or clan. Decolonization changed both the process of state formation and the nature of anti-colonial struggles.