The emerging importance of high-resolution manometry in the evaluation and treatment of deglutition in infants, children, and adults: New opportunities for speech-language pathologists

Kate Davidson*, Ashli O’rourke, John E. Fortunato, Sudarshan Jadcherla

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Diagnostic precision and prolonged testing before, during, and after deglutition is lacking across the age spectrum. Conventional clinical evaluation and radiologic methods are widely used but are reliant on human perception, carrying the risk of subjectivity. High-resolution manometry (HRM) is an emerging clinical and research tool and has the capability to objectively measure the dynamics, kinetics, regulatory, and correlation aspects of deglutition. Method: We review the basics of manometry and the methods, metrics, and applications of this technology across the age spectrum. The goal is to aid in the translation of HRM from research tool to clinical use by the speech-language pathologist in the development of better global plans to understand normal and abnormal deglutition. Results: HRM is an easily adaptable precise diagnostic tool that can be used to examine deglutition phases and abnormalities across the age spectrum from neonates to nonagenarians and can be a valuable adjunct to specialty evaluation of persistent deglutition disorders. Conclusion: New opportunities will emerge upon further research for larger-scale translation once normative data and recognition of biomarkers of abnormality are ascertained.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)945-955
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican journal of speech-language pathology
Volume29
Issue number2S
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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