The etiology of Kawasaki Disease: A conventional infectious agent

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Clinical and epidemiologic features of Kawasaki Disease (KD) point to an infectious cause, most likely a single etiologic agent or a closely related group of agents. In acute Kawasaki Disease, both the T- and B-lymphocyte immune responses, the cornerstones of acquired immunity, are oligoclonal, indicating a response to a conventional antigen rather than a superantigen. We have prepared synthetic oligoclonal Kawasaki Disease antibodies in vitro and have demonstrated binding of one synthetic monoclonal antibody to an intracellular antigen present in bronchial epithelium and in a subset of macrophages in tissues from children with acute Kawasaki Disease. Further characterization of this antigen may lead to the development of a diagnostic test, improved therapy, and prevention of this potentially fatal childhood illness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-113
Number of pages5
JournalProgress in Pediatric cardiology
Volume19
Issue number2 SPEC.ISS.
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2004

Keywords

  • Antigen
  • CD8 T lymphocytes
  • IgA
  • Synthetic antibodies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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