The evaluation and preparation of the patient for lung volume reduction surgery

Malcolm M. DeCamp, David Lipson, Mark Krasna, Omar A. Minai, Robert J. McKenna, Byron M. Thomashow

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Potential candidates for lung volume reduction surgery should undergo extensive evaluation and preparation to minimize perioperative risks and optimize surgical outcomes. Initial screening includes spirometry, diffusion capacity, lung volumes by body plethysmography, and high-resolution computerized tomography scanning. Patients who have been successfully screened must complete a preoperative pulmonary rehabilitation program of 6-10 weeks duration. During the pulmonary rehabilitation program, medical therapy should be maximized. Postrehabilitation studies include cardiopulmonary exercise testing, arterial blood gas analysis, oxygen titration, six-minute walk, and cardiac testing. The evaluation process aims at defining the severity and distribution of emphysema and attempts to eliminate those who do not meet criteria outlined by the National Emphysema Treatment Trial. Optimal candidates have upper-lobe- predominant emphysema and acceptable operative risks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)427-431
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the American Thoracic Society
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2008

Keywords

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Emphysema
  • Lung volume reduction surgery
  • Preoperative evaluation
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The evaluation and preparation of the patient for lung volume reduction surgery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    DeCamp, M. M., Lipson, D., Krasna, M., Minai, O. A., McKenna, R. J., & Thomashow, B. M. (2008). The evaluation and preparation of the patient for lung volume reduction surgery. Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society, 5(4), 427-431. https://doi.org/10.1513/pats.200707-087ET