The Evolution of Neurocritical Care

Georgia Korbakis*, Thomas P Bleck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Although neurocritical care as a subspecialty is a relatively young field of medicine, its origins can be traced back to ancient times. This article focuses on the progression of neurocritical care from prehistoric trepanation procedures, through the development of mechanical ventilation, management of increased intracranial pressure, and traumatic brain injury, to the establishment of the first "real" intensive care units, and finally to modern monitoring in neurocritical care, management of post-cardiac arrest patients, and the diagnosis of brain death. This article also focuses on the future direction of neurocritical care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)657-671
Number of pages15
JournalCritical Care Clinics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014


  • Critical care
  • Head trauma
  • Intracranial pressure
  • Neurocritical care
  • Neurology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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