Background: Few studies have examined the relation between extent of vascular resection and morbidity following pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with vein resection (PDVR). Methods: Patients undergoing PD for malignancy were identified using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project from 2006 to 2013. Current procedural terminology codes were used to characterize PDVR. Results: 9235 patients underwent PD, 977 (10.6%) had PDVR - 640 with direct and 224 with graft repair. PDVR had longer operative times (456 ± 136 vs 374 ± 128 min, p < 0.05) and higher intraoperative transfusions (1.8 ± 3.4 vs 4.3 ± 4.9 units, p < 0.05) than PD alone. On adjusted multivariable regression, PDVR with either direct or graft repairs was associated with higher rates of overall morbidity (OR [odds ratio] 1.50 for direct, 1.74 for graft, p < 0.05), bleeding (OR 2.18 for direct, 3.26 for graft, p < 0.05), and DVT (OR 2.12 for direct, 2.62 for graft, p < 0.05) compared to PD alone. Graft repair was further associated with increased risk of reoperation (OR 1.59), septic shock (OR 2.77) and 30-day mortality (OR 2.72), all p < 0.05. Discussion: The risk of significant morbidity and mortality for PDVR is associated with the extent of vascular resection, with graft repairs having increased morbidity and mortality rates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas