Peripheral blood-derived monocytes spontaneously undergo apoptosis mediated by Fas-Fas ligand (FasL) interactions. Activation of monocytes by LPS or TNF-α prevents spontaneous monocyte apoptosis through an unknown mechanism. Here, we demonstrate that LPS and TNF-α up-regulate Flip and suppress spontaneous Fas-FasL mediated monocyte apoptosis and caspase 8 and 3 activation. Flip was responsible for this protection, since inhibition of Flip by antisense oligonucleotides in the presence of LPS or TNF-α restored monocyte sensitivity to spontaneous apoptosis. We also investigated whether the PI3K pathway contributes to the suppression of spontaneous monocyte apoptosis mediated by LPS and TNF-α. Monocytes treated with a reversible PI3K inhibitor (LY294002) displayed enhanced apoptosis, while LPS and TNF-α partially protected against apoptosis mediated by LY294002. However, direct suppression of Fas-FasL interactions by addition of neutralizing anti-FasL antibody did not further suppress LY294002-induced apoptosis in the presence of LPS or TNF-α. Collectively, these data demonstrate that LPS or TNF-α protect monocytes from death receptor-mediated apoptosis through the up-regulation of Flip, but not apoptosis initiated by inhibition of the PI3K pathway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||European Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 2001|
- CD95 (APO-1/Fas)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy