The female urethral syndrome: External sphincter spasm as etiology

William E Kaplan, C. F. Firlit, H. W. Schoenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Many women suffer a constellation of urinary and pelvic symptoms commonly referred to as the urethral syndrome. Numerous medical, surgical and psychological treatment modalities have been used to alleviate the symptoms. Urodynamic techniques were used to study a group of women with the urethral syndrome. Based on the findings of external urethral sphincter spasm and/or pelvic floor hyperactivity the institution of diazepam therapy not only has provided clinical relief but also sphincter synergy as demonstrated by post-treatment urodynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-49
Number of pages2
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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