The functionally exchangeable L domains in RSV and HIV-1 Gag direct particle release through pathways linked by Tsg101

Gisselle Medina, Yongjun Zhang, Yi Tang, Eva Gottwein, Marcy L. Vana, Fadila Bouamr, Jonathan Leis, Carol A. Carter*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


The functionally exchangeable L domains of HIV-1 and Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) Gag bind Tsg101 and Nedd4, respectively. Tsg101 and Nedd4 function in endocytic trafficking, and studies show that expression of Tsg101 or Nedd4 fragments interfere with release of HIV-1 or RSV Gag, respectively, as virus-like particles (VLPs). To determine whether functional exchangeability reflects use of the same trafficking pathway, we tested the effect on RSV Gag release of co-expression with mutated forms of Vps4, Nedd4 and Tsg101. A dominant-negative mutant of Vps4A, an AAA ATPase required for utilization of endosomal sorting proteins that was shown previously to interfere with HIV-1 budding, also inhibited RSV Gag release, indicating that RSV uses the endocytic trafficking machinery, as does HIV. Nedd4 and Tsg101 interacted in the presence or absence of Gag and, through its binding of Nedd4, RSV Gag interacted with Tsg101. Deletion of the N-terminal region of Tsg101 or the HECT domain of Nedd4 did not prevent interaction; however, three-dimensional spatial imaging suggested that the interaction of RSV Gag with full-length Tsg101 and N-terminally truncated Tsg101 was not the same. Co-expression of RSV Gag with the Tsg101 C-terminal fragment interfered with VLP release minimally, however, a significant fraction of the released VLPs was tethered to each other. The results suggest that, while Tsg101 is not required for RSV VLP release, alterations in the protein interfere with VLP budding/fission events. We conclude that RSV and HIV-1 Gag direct particle release through independent ESCRT-mediated pathways that are linked through Tsg101-Nedd4 interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)880-894
Number of pages15
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2005


  • Gag
  • HIV-1
  • L domain
  • Nedd4
  • RSV
  • Tsg101
  • Vps4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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