Fat grafting has emerged as an important tool in the armamentarium of plastic surgeons. Its applications in aesthetic and reconstructive surgery continue to expand. However, its limitations (such as inconsistent survival) remain problematic. Recent research efforts have focused on tacking these issues with the use of platelet rich plasma, hypoxic preconditioning, hyperbaric oxygen, and the tissue engineering of scaffolds. In the future, as these laboratory discoveries are translated to clinical application, the beneficial uses of fat grafting will continue to increase.
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