The gendered geography of contributions to OpenStreetMap: Complexities in self-focus bias

Maitraye Das, Brent Hecht, Darren Gergle

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Millions of people worldwide contribute content to peer production repositories that serve human information needs and provide vital world knowledge to prominent artifcial intelligence systems. Yet, extreme gender participation disparities exist in which men signifcantly outnumber women. A central concern has been that due to self-focus bias [46], these disparities can lead to corresponding gender content disparities, in which content of interest to men is better represented than content of interest to women. This paper investigates the relationship between participation and content disparities in OpenStreetMap. We replicate fndings that women are dramatically under-represented as OSM contributors, and observe that men and women contribute diferent types of content and do so about diferent places. However, the character of these diferences confound simple narratives about self-focus bias: we fnd that on a proportional basis, men produced a higher proportion of contributions in feminized spaces compared to women, while women produced a higher proportion of contributions in masculinized spaces compared to men. We discuss the implications of these complex results for both theory and practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationCHI 2019 - Proceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
ISBN (Electronic)9781450359702
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2 2019
Event2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2019 - Glasgow, United Kingdom
Duration: May 4 2019May 9 2019

Publication series

NameConference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings

Conference

Conference2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2019
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityGlasgow
Period5/4/195/9/19

Keywords

  • Gender
  • OpenStreetMap
  • Peer production
  • Rural
  • Self-focus bias
  • Urban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Software

Cite this

Das, M., Hecht, B., & Gergle, D. (2019). The gendered geography of contributions to OpenStreetMap: Complexities in self-focus bias. In CHI 2019 - Proceedings of the 2019 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings). Association for Computing Machinery. https://doi.org/10.1145/3290605.3300793