The Gene Ontology in 2010: Extensions and refinements

Tanya Z. Berardini*, Donghui Li, Eva Huala, Susan Bridges, Shane Burgess, Fiona McCarthy, Seth Carbon, Suzanna E. Lewis, Christopher J. Mungall, Amina Abdulla, Valerie Wood, Erika Feltrin, Giorgio Valle, Rex L. Chisholm, Petra Fey, Pascale Gaudet, Warren Kibbe, Siddhartha Basu, Yulia Bushmanova, Karen EilbeckDeborah A. Siegele, Brenley McIntosh, Daniel Renfro, Adrienne Zweifel, James C. Hu, Michael Ashburner, Susan Tweedie, Yasmin Alam-Faruque, Rolf Apweiler, Andrea Auchinchloss, Amos Bairoch, Daniel Barrell, David Binns, Marie Claude Blatter, Lydie Bougueleret, Emmanuel Boutet, Lionel Breuza, Alan Bridge, Paul Browne, Wei Mun Chan, Elizabeth Coudert, Louise Daugherty, Emily Dimmer, Ruth Eberhardt, Anne Estreicher, Livia Famiglietti, Serenella Ferro-Rojas, Marc Feuermann, Rebecca Foulger, Nadine Gruaz-Gumowski, Ursula Hinz, Rachael Huntley, Silvia Jimenez, Florence Jungo, Guillaume Keller, Kati Laiho, Duncan Legge, Philippe Lemercier, Damien Lieberherr, Michele Magrane, Claire O'Donovan, Ivo Pedruzzi, Sylvain Poux, Catherine Rivoire, Bernd Roechert, Tony Sawford, Michel Schneider, Eleanor Stanley, Andre Stutz, Shyamala Sundaram, Michael Tognolli, Ioannis Xenarios, Midori A. Harris, Jennifer I. Deegan, Amelia Ireland, Jane Lomax, Pankaj Jaiswal, Marcus Chibucos, Michelle Gwinn Giglio, Jennifer Wortman, Linda Hannick, Ramana Madupu, David Botstein, Kara Dolinski, Michael S. Livstone, Rose Oughtred, Judith A. Blake, Carol Bult, Alexander D. Diehl, Mary Dolan, Harold Drabkin, Janan T. Eppig, David P. Hill, Li Ni, Martin Ringwald, Dmitry Sitnikov, Candace Collmer, Trudy Torto-Alalibo, Stan Laulederkind, Mary Shimoyama, Simon Twigger, Peter D'Eustachio, Lisa Matthews, Rama Balakrishnan, Gail Binkley, J. Michael Cherry, Karen R. Christie, Maria C. Costanzo, Stacia R. Engel, Dianna G. Fisk, Jodi E. Hirschman, Benjamin C. Hitz, Eurie L. Hong, Cynthia J. Krieger, Stuart R. Miyasato, Robert S. Nash, Julie Park, Marek S. Skrzypek, Shuai Weng, Edith D. Wong, Martin Aslett, Juancarlos Chan, Ranjana Kishore, Paul Sternberg, Kimberly Van Auken, Varsha K. Khodiyar, Ruth C. Lovering, Philippa J. Talmud, Doug Howe, Monte Westerfield

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

358 Scopus citations


The Gene Ontology (GO) Consortium ( (GOC) continues to develop, maintain and use a set of structured, controlled vocabularies for the annotation of genes, gene products and sequences. The GO ontologies are expanding both in content and in structure. Several new relationship types have been introduced and used, along with existing relationships, to create links between and within the GO domains. These improve the representation of biology, facilitate querying, and allow GO developers to systematically check for and correct inconsistencies within the GO. Gene product annotation using GO continues to increase both in the number of total annotations and in species coverage. GO tools, such as OBO-Edit, an ontology-editing tool, and AmiGO, the GOC ontology browser, have seen major improvements in functionality, speed and ease of use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)D331-D335
JournalNucleic acids research
Issue numberSUPPL.1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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