The hearing-impaired infant: Patterns of identification and habilitation

Laszlo Stein*, Sylvia Clark, Nina Kraus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The 1982 Position Statement by the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing recommends that infants at risk for hearing impairment be screened by 3 mos of age and that the diagnostic process be completed and habilitation begun by 6 mos of age. How close to this ideal actual practice comes in an urban setting is the subject of this study. Data on 88 infants referred to a hospital-based parent-infant program were retrospectively examined to determine the occurrence of risk factors and at what ages: (1) hearing loss was first suspected, (2) hearing loss was diagnosed, and (3) habilitation was initiated. Results indicate that over one-quarter of all hearing-impaired infants will not manifest any of the risk factors proposed in the 1982 Position Statement and that regardless of whether the infant graduates from a neonatal intensive care unit or well-baby nursery, the median age for enrollment in a parent-infant program is a year or more later than the 1982 recommendation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-236
Number of pages5
JournalEar and hearing
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1983

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Speech and Hearing

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