The hepatic effects of hypolipidemic drugs (clofibrate, nafenopin, tibric acid, and Wy-14,643) on hepatic peroxisomes and peroxisome-associated enzymes

D. E. Moody, J. K. Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

112 Scopus citations

Abstract

Male Swiss-Webster mice were fed diets containing four hypolipidemic agents which are known to induce proliferation of hepatic peroxisomes. Treatment with all four drugs (clofibrate; its structural analogue, nafenopin; and two drugs structurally unrelated to clofibrate, tibric acid and Wy-14,643) produced a marked hepatomegaly in the mice. The extent of the increase in liver weight correlated well with the increases in total hepatic DNA and in the collective volume of hepatocyte peroxisomes. Treatment with these drugs also produced similar increases in the activities of peroxisome-associated enzymes. The most dramatic increases were noted in the activities of the short chain (8- to 26-fold) and medium-chain (4- to 11-fold) carnitine acyltransferase. Significant increases were also noted in the activities of catalase (twofold to threefold), α-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase (twofold to threefold) and the long-chain carnitine acyltransferase (twofold to fourfold). Activity of the latter enzyme, however, is not known to be associated with peroxisome fractions. Concomitant administration of actinomycin D or cycloheximide with a single oral dose of clofibrate diminished the increases in liver weight and carinitine acyltransferase which occurred with clofibrate treatment alone. The finding that the major increase in activity of peroxisome enzymes occurred in those associated with metabolism of acyl CoA groups supports the hypothesis that the hypolipidemic action of the drugs and the proliferation of hepatic peroxisomes are related functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)435-445
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Pathology
Volume90
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1978

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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