The hierarchical structure of the dimensional assessment of personality pathology (DAPP-BQ)

Shauna C. Kushner, Lena C. Quilty, Jennifer L. Tackett, R. Michael Bagby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Hierarchical personality models have the potential to identify common and specific components of DSM-IV personality disorders (PDs), and may offer a solution for the re-tooling of personality pathology in future versions of the DSM. In this paper, we examined the hierarchical structure of the Dimensional Assessment of Personality Pathology-Basic Questionnaire (DAPP-BQ; Livesley & Jackson, 2009) and the capacity of various trait components at different levels to predict DSM-IV PD symptoms. Participants were 275 psychiatric outpatients and 365 undergraduate students. Goldberg's (2006) bass-ackwards method was used to investigate the hierarchical structure of the DAPP-BQ. The predictive capacity of hierarchy components was assessed. We found that Level 5 of the hierarchy enhanced the capacity of the DAPP-BQ for predicting DSM PD symptoms beyond a four-factor structure, particularly for borderline PD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)504-516
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Personality Disorders
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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