The host-galaxy response to the afterglow of GRB 100901A

Olga E. Hartoog*, Klaas Wiersema, Paul M. Vreeswijk, Lex Kaper, Nial R. Tanvir, Sandra Savaglio, Edo Berger, Ryan Chornock, Stefano Covino, Valerio D'Elia, Hector Flores, Johan P.U. Fynbo, Paolo Goldoni, Andreja Gomboc, Andrea Melandri, Alexei Pozanenko, Joop Schaye, Antonio de Ugarte Postigo, Ralph A.M.J. Wijers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

For gamma-ray burst 100901A, we have obtained Gemini-North and Very Large Telescope optical afterglow spectra at four epochs: 1 h, 1 d, 3 d and 1 week after the burst, thanks to the afterglow remaining unusually bright at late times. Apart from a wealth of metal resonance lines, we also detect lines arising from fine-structure levels of the ground state of Fe II, and from metastable levels of Fe II and Ni II at the host redshift (z = 1.4084). These lines are found to vary significantly in time. The combination of the data and modelling results shows that we detect the fall of the Ni II 4F9/2 metastable level population, which to date has not been observed. Assuming that the population of the excited states is due to the ultraviolet radiation of the afterglow, we estimate an absorber distance of a few hundred pc. This appears to be a typical value when compared to similar studies. We detect two intervening absorbers (z = 1.3147, 1.3179). Despite the wide temporal range of the data, we do not see significant variation in the absorption lines of these two intervening systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2739-2754
Number of pages16
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume430
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 21 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Abundances-galaxies
  • Distances and redshifts-galaxies
  • GRB 100901A-galaxies
  • Gamma-ray burst
  • ISM
  • Individual

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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