The Hubble higher z supernova search: Supernovae to z ≈ 1.6 and constraints on type Ia progenitor models

Louis Gregory Strolger*, Adam G. Riess, Tomas Dahlen, Mario Livio, Nino Panagia, Peter Challis, John L. Tonry, Alexei V. Filipenko, Ryan Chornock, Henry Ferguson, Anton Koekemoer, Bahram Mobasher, Mark Dickinson, Mauro Giavalisco, Stefano Casertano, Richard Hook, Stephane Bondin, Bruno Leibundgut, Mario Nonino, Piero RosatiHyron Spinrad, Charles C. Steidel, Daniel Stern, Peter M. Garnavich, Thomas Matheson, Norman Grogin, Ann Hornschemeier, Claudia Kretchmer, Victoria G. Laidler, Kyoungsoo Lee, Ray Lucas, Duillia De Mello, Leonidas A. Moustakas, Swara Ravindranath, Marin Richardson, Edward Taylor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

229 Scopus citations


We present results from the Hubble Higher z Supernova Search, the first space-based open field survey for Supernovae (SNe). In cooperation with die Great Observatories Origins Deep Survey, we have used the Hubble Space Telescope with the Advanced Camera for Surveys to cover ∼300 arcmin 2 in the area of the Chandra Deep Field South and the Hubble Deep Field North on five separate search epochs (separated by ∼45 day intervals) to a limiting magnitude of F850LP ≈ 26. These deep observations have allowed us to discover 42 SNe in the redshift range 0.2 < z < 1.6. As these data span a large range in redshift, they are ideal for testing the validity of Type la supernova progenitor models with the distribution of expected "delay times," from progenitor star formation to Type Ia SN explosion, and the SN rates these models predict. Through a Bayesian maximum likelihood test, we determine which delay-time models best reproduce the redshift distribution of SNe la discovered in this survey. We find that models that require a large fraction of "prompt" (less than 2 Gyr) SNe la poorly reproduce the observed redshift distribution and are rejected at greater man 95% confidence. We find that Gaussian models best fit the observed data for mean delay times in the range of 2-4 Gyr.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)200-223
Number of pages24
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 I
StatePublished - Sep 20 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Supernovae: general
  • Surveys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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