The human cytological molecular chaperones hsp90, hsp70 (hsc70) and hdj-1 have distinct roles in recognition of a non-native protein and protein refolding

Brian C. Freeman, Richard I. Morimoto*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

368 Scopus citations

Abstract

The properties of molecular chaperones in protein-assisted refolding were examined in vitro using recombinant human cytosolic chaperones hsp90, hsc70, hsp70 and hdj-1, and unfolded β-galactosidase as the substrate. In the presence of hsp70 (hsc70), hdj-1 and either ATP or ADP, denatured β-galactosidase refolds and forms enzymatically active tetramers. Interactions between hsp90 and non-native β-galactosidase neither lead to refolding nor stimulate hsp70- and hdj-1-dependent refolding. However, hsp90 in the absence of nucleotide can maintain the non-native substrate in a 'folding-competent' state which, upon addition of hsp70, hdj-1 and nucleotide, leads to refolding. The refolding activity of hsp70 and hdj-1 is effective across a broad range of temperatures from 22°C to 41°C, yet at extremely low (4°C) or high (>41°C) temperatures refolding activity is reversibly inhibited. These results reveal two distinct features of chaperone activity in which a non-native substrate can be either maintained in a stable folding-competent state or refolded directly to the native state; first, that the refolding activity itself is temperature sensitive and second, that hsp90, hsp70 (hsc70) and hdj-1 each have distinct roles in these processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2969-2979
Number of pages11
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Heat shock protein
  • Molecular chaperone
  • Protein folding
  • hsp70
  • hsp90

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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