The human proteoform project: Defining the human proteome

The Consortium for Top-Down Proteomics

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations


Proteins are the primary effectors of function in biology, and thus, complete knowledge of their structure and properties is fundamental to deciphering function in basic and translational research. The chemical diversity of proteins is expressed in their many proteoforms, which result from combinations of genetic polymorphisms, RNA splice variants, and posttranslational modifications. This knowledge is foundational for the biological complexes and networks that control biology yet remains largely unknown. We propose here an ambitious initiative to define the human proteome, that is, to generate a definitive reference set of the proteoforms produced from the genome. Several examples of the power and importance of proteoform-level knowledge in disease-based research are presented along with a call for improved technologies in a two-pronged strategy to the Human Proteoform Project.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbereabk0734
JournalScience Advances
Issue number46
StatePublished - Nov 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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