THE IMPACT OF ADULTICIDE ON CULEX ABUNDANCE AND INFECTION RATE IN NORTH SHORE OF COOK COUNTY, ILLINOIS

Danielle Sass, Bo Li, Mark Clifton, Justin Harbison, Christopher Xamplas, Rebecca Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mosquito surveillance is critical to reduce the risk of West Nile virus (WNV) transmission to humans. In response to surveillance indicators such as elevated mosquito abundance or increased WNV levels, many mosquito control programs will perform truck-mounted ultra-low volume (ULV) adulticide application to reduce the number of mosquitoes and associated virus transmission. Despite the common use of truck-based ULV adulticiding as a public health measure to reduce WNV prevalence, limited evidence exists to support a role in reducing viral transmission to humans. We use a generalized additive and fused ridge regression model to quantify the locationspecific impact of truck-mounted ULV adulticide spray efforts from 2010 to 2018 in the North Shore Mosquito Abatement District (NSMAD) in metropolitan Chicago, IL, on commonly assessed risk factors from NSMAD surveillance gravid traps: Culex abundance, infection rate, and vector index. Our model also takes into account environmental variables commonly associated with WNV, including temperature, precipitation, wind speed, location, and week of year. Since it is unlikely ULV adulticide spraying will have the same impact at each trap location, we use a spatially varying spray effect with a fused ridge penalty to determine how the effect varies by trap location. We found that ULV adulticide spraying has an immediate temporary reduction in abundance followed by an increase after 5 days. It is estimated that mosquito abundance increased more in sprayed areas than if left unsprayed in all but 3 trap locations. The impact on infection rate and vector index were inconclusive due to the large error associated with estimating trap-specific infection rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-58
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Mosquito Control Association
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Adulticide application
  • West Nile virus
  • fused ridge
  • generalized additive model
  • truck-mounted ULV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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