Left-ventricular dyssynchrony (LVD) adversely affects systolic performance and has not been previously evaluated in children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We hypothesized (1) that LVD in children with ESRD would be significantly increased compared with controls and (2) that volume load and left-ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) would be associated with increased LVD. This was a prospective observational study in which real-time threedimensional echocardiographic data were acquired in 27 stable children with ESRD (13 peritoneal dialysis [PD] and 14 hemodialysis [HD]) and 29 normal controls. Data were acquired before and after an HD session. Dyssynchrony index (SDI) was defined per standard formulae and was normalized to cardiac cycle duration (SDIp). Left-ventricular mass (LVM) was obtained from M-mode echocardiography and was normalized to height2.7 (LVM index). The mean age (13.8 vs. 11.3 years) and SDI, SDIp, LVM, and LVM index were significantly greater among children with ESRD than among controls (p<0.05). Demographics and heart rates were comparable between HD and PD subgroups, whereas SDI 16 and 12 segments, SDIp 16 segments, and LVM were significantly greater in the HD group. SDI and SDIp 16 segments improved after an HD session (p<0.05); LVM and LVM index remained unchanged. LVD was significantly greater in patients with LVH compared with those without LVH. Children with ESRD had significant LVD and increased LVMcompared with controls. Increased LVD in those undergoing HD rather than PD, as well as the improvement in synchrony after HD, suggest that volume may modulate LVD. LVD was increased in children with LVH. LVD in children with ESRD may have pathogenic implications.
- End-stage renal disease
- Left-ventricular dyssynchrony
- Left-ventricular mass
- Real-time three-dimensional echocardiography
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine