The impact of COVID-19 on adolescent wellness in Chicago

Ogochukwu M. Ezeoke, Madeleine K. Kanaley, Dannielle A. Brown, Olivia R. Negris, Rajeshree Das, Lisa S. Lombard, Ruchi S. Gupta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed to understand the impact of the initial COVID-19 pandemic remote schooling period on self-reported wellness among adolescents in Chicago. Methods: Students (n = 55) completed a 22-item wellness questionnaire before (February 2020) and shortly after the onset of the COVID-19 outbreak (April 2020). Precomparisons/postcomparisons (overall and by survey item) were evaluated using two-sided paired t-tests with an alpha level of 0.05. Descriptive statistics were used to evaluate mean scores overall by demographic variables. Results: Significant differences were found in the following areas: Balance (Pre: 7.3, During: 6.4, p = 0.02), Education (Pre: 8.4, During 7.7, p = 0.03) and Friends (Pre:8.0, During: 6.3, p = 0.001). Overall wellness scores varied by demographic variables, though not significantly. Conclusions: Results suggest the onset of the pandemic impacted students' ability to effectively learn, as well as to maintain balance in their lives and social relationships. Comprehensive support is needed in these areas to promote adolescent wellness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalChild: Care, Health and Development
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • development
  • social relationships
  • social support
  • stress
  • well-being

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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