The Impact of Dedicated Research Years during Residency Upon Continued Academic Productivity of Plastic Surgeons

Narainsai K. Reddy, Sarah A. Applebaum, Arun K. Gosain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: This study explored the impact of dedicated research year(s) on long-term research productivity and career choices of plastic surgeons as academicians. Methods: Scopus and Web of Science were accessed in September 2020 to collate publications and H indexes of alumni who graduated from integrated plastic surgery residency programs from 2011 to 2020. Public profiles were utilized to determine academic status. Corresponding data were grouped by residency program type (traditional programs without required research, programs with one required research year, and a single program with variable research years). Unpaired t tests and 1-way analysis of variance were conducted to compare average H indexes and publication counts of alumni from each group. X2 tests analyzed differences in academic statuses. Results: Alumni who completed one required research year published significantly more with a higher H index compared with those from traditional programs. Similar results were found among alumni who completed 2 research years compared with 0 or 1 year within a single program. Residents who completed one required research year were more likely to hold dual academic and nonacademic positions after graduation compared with their traditional counterparts. However, there was no statistical difference in academic status observed for surgeons who graduated from the program with variable research years. Conclusions: Participating in research year(s) during residency is predictive of ongoing academic productivity of surgeons within the first 10 years of completion of residency. This becomes important for training craniofacial surgeons, the majority of whom practice in academic settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103-108
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Craniofacial Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2023


  • publications
  • resident research
  • surgical research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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