The Impact of Perioperative Arterial Infarct on Recurrence, Functional Outcomes, and Survival in Glioblastoma Patients

Jakob T. Lupa*, Jeffrey J. Raizer, Irene B. Helenowski, Benjamin P. Liu, Kartik Kesavabhotla, Matthew C. Tate

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Perioperative infarcts are a known complication that can occur during the resection of glioblastoma (GBM). Recent studies suggest that gross total and even “supra-total” resections may be associated with an increased survival but the rate of complications, including perioperative ischemia, may increase with these more aggressive resection strategies. However, little is known about the impact that perioperative infarcts have on survival, functional outcomes, and tumor recurrence patterns. Our study attempted to quantify and characterize the functional consequences of a perioperative infarct, as well as risk factors associated with occurrence. Methods: Seventy-three patients with a diagnosis of GBM and perioperative ischemia by MRI were identified from the electronic medical record system. We obtained demographic, prognostic, and stroke risk factor data. Infarct volumes were calculated from diffusion-weighted MRI scans, and subjects were segregated into an infarct cohort or a control cohort based on whether the identified lesion appeared to be an infarct in an arterial distribution or instead appeared to be expected postoperative changes. A multivariate statistical analysis was performed on the dataset. Results: Median age was 58.6 years, median post-op KPS (Karnofsky Performance Status) was 90, and median extent of resection (based on MRI) was 97.8%. Overall, perioperative arterial infarcts were uncommon (2.0%), did not have a statistically significant impact on survival (17.9 vs. 18.9 months), did not worsen neurologic function, and did not alter the pattern of recurrence. Conclusion: Perioperative arterial infarcts were uncommon in our patients despite aggressive resection and when present had no impact on survival or neurologic function. Given the clear benefit of maximal tumor resection, the risk of perioperative infarct should not deter maximal safe resection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number706
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 13 2020

Keywords

  • glioblastoma
  • infarct
  • recurrence
  • resection
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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