Objective: To determine the effect of urethroplasty for urethral stricture disease on both voiding symptoms and sexual function through the use of validated patient questionnaires. Methods: Pre- and post-operative scores for the American Urological Association Symptom Index (AUASI), Incontinence Symptom Index (ISI), and Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM) were obtained and compared for adult male patients undergoing urethroplasty. Score differences were then stratified by age. Relevant clinical and demographic characteristics were also examined. Results: Over the 15-year study period, 183 patients underwent 222 urethroplasties. Median age at the time of surgery was 45 years. Urethroplasties were performed for 207 anterior and 15 posterior urethral strictures. The most common approaches were primary anastomotic (36.5%), staged (23.9%), and buccal graft augmented (21.6%). Overall, 63% of men had a clinically meaningful (<4 point) improvement in AUASI total score and 69% had improvement in their quality of life (QOL) score after urethroplasty. In aggregate, AUASI total scores improved by 7 points (P <.001), and QOL scores improved by 2 points (P <.001). There was no significant difference in ISI or SHIM scores before and after urethroplasty. AUASI total scores improved more dramatically in younger patients. Half of patients with improved AUASI QOL scores did not have a corollary improvement in their total score. Conclusions: As measured by validated questionnaires, patients of all ages can expect a meaningful improvement in bothersome voiding symptoms after urethroplasty for urethral stricture disease, with minimal impact on continence or erectile function.
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