The Implementation and Effectiveness of

Cullen M. Lilley, Christina A. Arnold, Michael Arnold, Adam L. Booth, Jerad M. Gardner, Xiaoyin “Sara” Jiang, Sanam Loghavi, Kamran M. Mirza*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


The COVID-19 pandemic put most in-person pathology electives on-hold as departments adapted to changes in education and patient care. To address the subsequent void in pathology education, we created a free, virtual, modular, and high-quality pathology elective website. Website traffic from June 1, 2020, to October 1, 2020, was monitored using the built-in analyses on Squarespace. Twitter engagement was analyzed using Twitter analytics and the Symplur Social Graph Score. A voluntary satisfaction survey was sent to all PathElective users and results were analyzed. During this time, the site saw 25 467 unique visitors, over 34 988 visits, 181 302 page views, and 4449 subscriptions from 99 countries. Countries with the highest traffic are the United States (14 682), India (5210), and the Philippines (2195). PathElective’s Twitter social graph score increased from 63.59 to 89.3 with the addition of 1637 followers. Data from surveyed users (n = 177) show most to be pathology residents (41%). Most subscribers (89%) are committed to a career in pathology. The majority heard of the website via Twitter (55%). Almost half of those surveyed engaged with the PathTwitter community on Twitter and of those who participated, 99% found that interaction useful. In all survey questions surrounding satisfaction and usefulness, a large majority of the users were either satisfied or very satisfied. PathElective is a novel pathology elective that offers a unique opportunity to educate medical students and residents from around the globe and demonstrates high effectiveness and satisfaction among users.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAcademic Pathology
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • medical education
  • pathology
  • pathology education
  • social media
  • virtual medical education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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