The inaccuracies of gastric adenocarcinoma clinical staging and its predictive factors

Lauren M. Janczewski, Dhavan Shah, Amy Wells, David J. Bentrem, John D. Abad, Akhil Chawla*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Introduction: Accurate clinical staging (CS) of gastric adenocarcinoma is important to guide treatment planning. Our objectives were to (1) assess clinical to pathologic stage migration patterns for patients with gastric adenocarcinoma, (2) identify factors associated with inaccurate CS, and (3) evaluate the association of understaging with survival. Methods: The National Cancer Database was queried for patients who underwent upfront resection for stage I–III gastric adenocarcinoma. Multivariable logistic regression was used to detect factors associated with inaccurate understaging. Kaplan–Meier analyses and cox proportional hazards regression were performed to assess overall survival (OS) for patients with inaccurate CS. Results: Of 14 425 analyzed patients, 5781 (40.1%) patients were inaccurately staged. Factors associated with understaging included treatment at a Comprehensive Community Cancer Program, presence of lymphovascular invasion, moderate to poor differentiation, large tumor size, and T2 disease. Based on overall CS, median OS was 51.0 months for accurately staged patients and 29.5 months for understaged patients (<0.001). Conclusion: Clinical T-category, large tumor size, and worse histologic features lead to inaccurate CS for gastric adenocarcinoma, impacting OS. Improvements to staging parameters and diagnostic modalities focusing on these factors may improve prognostication.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1116-1124
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of surgical oncology
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jun 2023


  • clinical staging
  • gastric cancer
  • inaccurate staging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology


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