The inducible 70,000 molecular/weight heat shock protein is expressed in the degenerating dentate hilus and piriform cortex after systemic administration of kainic acid in the rat

J. N. Armstrong, J. C.L. Plumier, H. A. Robertson, R. W. Currie*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Using both immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, we examined the rat brain for the expression of the inducible 70,000 mol. wt heat shock protein, Hsp70, at 3, 6, 12, and 24 h after systemic administration of kainic acid. In contrast to previous reports, the present study demonstrates that neurons in the regions most susceptible to seizure-induced cell death accumulate both Hsp70 messenger RNA and protein. Neurons in the dentate hilus and piriform cortex contained Hsp70 messenger RNA at 6 h and protein at 12 h. These neurons contained little or no Hsp70 messenger RNA or protein at 24 h when the majority of cells in these areas were pyknotic. Injured neurons in areas such as the parietal cortex, which are less susceptible to seizure-induced cell death, expressed and maintained high levels of Hsp70 messenger RNA and protein at 12 and 24 h. This work suggests that Hsp70 messenger RNA and protein are rapidly and transiently expressed in dying neurons, and contradicts the notion that Hsp70 only accumulates in injured neurons that survive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)685-693
Number of pages9
JournalNeuroscience
Volume74
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cell death
  • Epilepsy
  • Heat shock
  • Hippocampus
  • Limbic
  • Piriform cortex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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