Experiments were designed to determine whether B-cell activation of control mouse strains with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) could induce the same anti-erythrocyte antibody responses observed to occur spontaneously in the NZB strain. When BALB c and DBA 2 mice were injected intraperitoneally with 100 μg of LPS, antibodies to X, HB, and HOL antigens could be detected 2 weeks later at levels comparable to those found spontaneously in NZB mice. Injection of C3H HeJ mice, nonresponders to LPS, resulted in no detectable anti-erythrocyte antibody responses. When NZB mice were treated with LPS in this way, serum levels of anti-RBC antibodies increased. A measure of the percentage hemolysis induced by sera from these animals in the presence of an exogenous complement source revealed a higher incidence and hemolytic titer in LPS-injected BALB c and DBA 2 strains than in PBS-injected mice. In addition, injection of LPS induced the appearance of erythrocyte-bound IgM and IgG in BALB c, DBA 2, and NZB mice. These data suggest that LPS-induced B-cell activation results in the appearance of anti-erythrocyte antibodies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine