The Influence of Active Gaming on Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Black and Hispanic Youth

Rachel M. Flynn*, Amanda E. Staiano, Robbie Beyl, Rebekah A. Richert, Ellen Wartella, Sandra L. Calvert

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Youth in the United States have low levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, a risk factor for childhood obesity. Lower levels of physical fitness for black and Hispanic youth contribute to health disparities. In this feasibility study, we examined active video games (AVGs) as a tool to improve fitness and attitudes toward physical activity during early adolescence. METHOD: A 6-week AVG program took place in a youth development program in a high-poverty neighborhood in New York City. Youth aged 10 to 15 years (50% overweight or obese) participated in 2 fitness tests and completed surveys that captured barriers to physical activity pre- and postintervention. Each week, participants played Wii Fit games for 30 minutes. RESULTS: Participants improved the number of sit-ups and step-ups they completed from pre- to postintervention (p <.05). Participants also increased their self-efficacy, intention to exercise and perceived social support to exercise (p <.05). Youth reported a high level of enjoyment and perceived Wii Fit as ways to increase physical fitness and increase their physical activity. CONCLUSION: AVGs may be a viable alternative exercise program to increase physical activity for black and Hispanic youth living in poverty-impacted neighborhoods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)768-775
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of School Health
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2018


  • adolescent
  • cardiorespiratory fitness
  • physical fitness
  • video games

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Education
  • Philosophy


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