The influence of age on cardiac refractory periods in man

Ira W. DuBrow, Elizabeth A. Fisher, Pablo Denes, Alois R. Hastreiter

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27 Scopus citations


As age is a determinant of cardiac refractory periods, this communication describes changes of refractory periods in an age continuum of infants, children and adults, 7 months through 77 years. Seventy patients with evidence of normal A-V conduction on scalar electrocardiogram were included. The patients were divided into six age groups: <2 years, 3-5 years, 6-10 years, 11-15 years, 16-30 years, and >30 years. Extrastimulus technique was used to determine refractory periods in sinus rhythm or at longest cycle length assuring atrial capture, then at shorter cycle lengths. Cycle lengths (CL) for each age group were divided into ranges: CL1 1,000-600 msec; CL2, 599 460 msec; CL3, <459 msec. Refractory periods at the three CL’s within each age group were determined. Full recovery times of the A-V node within groups of children were determined. Statistical significance of the data was found by analysis of variance. The younger group tended to have shorter values than the older groups (F < 0.05-0.001).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-139
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1976

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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