The Influence of Infectious Complications in Gastroschisis on Costs and Length of Stay

Monika Uribe-Leitz, Courtney E. McCracken, Kurt F. Heiss, Mark L. Wulkan, Mehul V. Raval*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective Outcomes for gastroschisis (GS) remain highly variable and avoiding infectious complications (ICs) may represent a significant improvement opportunity. Our objective was to provide estimates of the impact of IC on length of stay (LOS) and costs. Study Design Using a national database, 1,378 patients with GS were identified. Patient and hospital characteristics were compared and LOS and costs evaluated for patients with and without IC. Results Two-thirds of all GS patients had IC, and IC were common for simple and complex GS (65, 73%, respectively). After controlling for patient and hospital factors, LOS in patients with IC was significantly longer than in patients without IC (4.5-day increase, p = 0.001). Specifically, sepsis was associated with increasing median LOS by 11 days (p ≤ 0.001), candida infection by 14 days (p < 0.001), and wound infection by 7 days (p = 0.007). Although overall costs did not differ between patients with and without IC, costs were elevated based on specific IC. Sepsis increased median costs by $22,380 (95% confidence interval [CI]: $14,372-30,388; p ≤ 0.001), wound infection by $32,351 (95% CI: $17,221-47,481; p ≤ 0.001), catheter-related infection by $57,180 (95% CI: $12,834-101,527; p = 0.011), and candida infections by $24,500 (95% CI: $8,832-40,167; p = 0.002). Conclusion IC among GS patients are common and contribute to increased LOS and costs. Quantifying clinical and financial ramifications of IC may help direct future quality improvement efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)62-69
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of perinatology
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • costs
  • gastroschisis
  • infections
  • length of stay
  • quality improvement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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