The influence of psychosocial maturity on male juvenile offenders' comprehension and understanding of the Miranda warning

Lori H. Colwell, Keith R. Cruise*, Laura S. Guy, Wendy K. McCoy, Krissie Fernandez, Heather H. Ross

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Self-report measures of psychosocial maturity and screening measures of achievement and intelligence (Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence; WASI) were used to investigate the influence of psychosocial maturity on male juvenile offenders' comprehension and appreciation of the Miranda warning (Grisso's Instruments for Assessing Understanding and Appreciation of Miranda Rights; GUAM). A sample of 67 male juvenile offenders, placed in a short-term detention facility or juvenile boot camp facility, participated in the study. Demographic differences revealed that youths in short-term detention were approximately one year older than boot camp youths. The two groups did not differ in IQ or measures of psychosocial maturity. Detention youths had GUAM subtest scores that were slightly higher than, but comparable to, those of boot camp youths. Consistent with previous research, verbal IQ correlated positively with GUAM subtest scores and was a significant predictor of all four scores after controlling for setting and age in a series of hierarchical regressions. In addition, the psychosocial maturity factor of Responsibility was a significant predictor of two GUAM subtests (CMR and FRI), while the Temperance and Perspective factors were not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)444-454
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Volume33
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The influence of psychosocial maturity on male juvenile offenders' comprehension and understanding of the Miranda warning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this