The influence of serial Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) screening on the PSA velocity at diagnosis

Neil E. Martin, Ming Hui Chen, William J. Catalona, Stacy Loeb, Kimberly A. Roehl, Anthony V. D'Amico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) velocity (PSAV) >2 ng/mL during the year before diagnosis has been associated with an increased risk of prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) after radical prostatectomy (RP) or radiation therapy. The objective of the current study was to examine whether the proportion of men with a PSAV >2 ng/mL per year has changed significantly during the PSA era. METHODS. The authors evaluated 1095 men from a prospective prostate cancer screening study who underwent RP between 1989 and 2002. For the purposes of this analysis, clinicopathologic features were compared between men who were treated during the following 3 periods: before 1995, from 1995 to 1998, and after 1998. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate for an association between the year of diagnosis and the proportion of men with a PSAV >2 ng/mL per year. RESULTS. Two hundred sixty-two of 1095 men (24%) had a PSAV >2 ng/mL per year. There was a statistically significant reduction in the proportion of men presenting with a PSAV >2 ng/mL per year over the study period. Specifically, 35% of men presented with a PSAV >2 ng/mL per year in the early period compared with only 22% and 12% in the middle and late periods, respectively (P < .001). Over the studied periods, there also was a significantly greater proportion of men with >2 PSA values obtained before diagnosis (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS. Men who were screened serially with PSA were less likely to present with a PSAV >2 ng/mL per year. This association lends support to the hypothesis that serial PSA-based screening may lead to a decrease in PCSM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)717-722
Number of pages6
JournalCancer
Volume113
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2008

Keywords

  • Prostate cancer
  • Prostate-specific antigen screening
  • Prostate-specific antigen velocity
  • Stage migration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The influence of serial Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) screening on the PSA velocity at diagnosis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this