The Influence of Speaker Reliability on First Versus Second Label Learning

Sheila Krogh-Jespersen*, Catharine H. Echols

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Children's confidence in their own knowledge may influence their willingness to learn novel information from others. Twenty-four-month-old children's (N=160) willingness to learn novel labels for either familiar or novel objects from an adult speaker was tested in 1 of 5 conditions: accurate, inaccurate, knowledgeable, ignorant, or uninformative. Children were willing to learn a second label for an object from a reliable informant in the accurate, knowledgeable, and uninformative conditions; children were less willing to apply a novel label to a familiar object if the speaker previously was inaccurate or had expressed ignorance. However, when the objects were novel, children were willing to learn the label regardless of the speaker's knowledge level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)581-590
Number of pages10
JournalChild development
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Education


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