The Influence of Stress Management Training in HIV Disease

Nancy L. McCain*, Janice M. Zeller, David F. Cella, Pamela A. Urbanski, Richard M. Novak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

A pretest-posttest design (with a 6-week wait-list control and a 6-month comparison group) was used to compare the effectiveness of a 6-week stress management training program with standard outpatient care for 45 men with HIV disease. Outcomes included stress levels, coping patterns, quality of life, psychological distress, illness-related uncertainty, and CD4+ T-lymphocyte levels. At 6 weeks, intervention was associated with increases in the emotional well-being dimension of quality of life. After 6 months, the intervention group had a relative decline in HIV-related intrusive thinking, indicating that stress management training may have buffered illness-related psychological distress over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-253
Number of pages8
JournalNursing Research
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

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