THE INTERACTION OF NEUROLEPTIC AND MUSCARINIC AGENTS WITH CENTRAL DOPAMINERGIC SYSTEMS

P. H. KELLY*, R. J. MILLER

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of muscarinic and neuroleptic agents on the turning behaviour induced by methamphetamine and apomorphine in rats with unilateral lesions of the substantia nigra induced by 6‐hydroxydopamine has been examined. Turning towards the side of the lesion induced by (+)‐methamphetamine (5 mg/kg) was inhibited by α‐flupenthixol (1 mg/kg) and α‐clopenthixol (8 mg/kg) but not by high doses of their β‐isomers. Turning was inhibited by chlorpromazine (4 mg/kg) and pimozide (0.2 mg/kg). Thioridazine and clozapine (16 mg/kg) were ineffective. Turning in the same direction produced by scopolamine (10 mg/kg) was also inhibited by α‐flupenthixol (1 mg/kg) and pimozide (0.25 mg/kg). Turning produced by methamphetamine (5 mg/kg) was inhibited by oxotremorine (0.75 mg/kg) even in the presence of methylatropine (5 mg/kg). Turning away from the side of the lesion induced by apomorphine (0.1 mg/kg) was inhibited by oxotremorine (0.75 mg/kg) but not by thioridazine or clozapine (16 mg/kg). These results are discussed with regard to the mode of action of neuroleptic drugs in producing anti‐psychotic effects and drug‐induced Parkinsonism. 1975 British Pharmacological Society

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-121
Number of pages7
JournalBritish journal of pharmacology
Volume54
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1975

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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