The interferon consensus sequence-binding protein activates transcription of the gene encoding neurofibromin 1

Chunliu Zhu, Gurveen Saberwal, Yu Feng Lu, Leonidas C. Platanias, Elizabeth A. Eklund*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Deficiency of the interferon consensus sequence-binding protein (ICSBP) is associated with increased myeloid cell proliferation in response to hematopoietic cytokines. However, previously identified ICSBP target genes do not indicate a mechanism for this "cytokine hypersensitivity." In these studies, we identify the gene encoding neurofibromin 1 (Nf1) as an ICSBP target gene, by chromatin immunoprecipitation. Additionally, we find decreased Nf1 expression in bone marrow-derived myeloid cells from ICSBP-/- mice. Since Nf1 deficiency is also associated with cytokine hypersensitivity, our results suggested that 2F1 is a functionally significant ICSBP target gene. Consistent with this, we find that the hypersensitivity of ICSBP-/- myeloid cells to granulocyte monocyte colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is reversed by expression of the Nf1 GAP-related domain. We also find that treatment of ICSBP-deficient myeloid cells with monocyte colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) results in sustained Ras activation, ERK phosphorylation, and proliferation associated with impaired Nf1 expression. These M-CSF effects are reversed by ICSBP expression in ICSBP-/- cells. Consistent with this, we find that ICSBP activates the 2F1 promoter in myeloid cell line transfectants and identify an ICSBP-binding NF1 cis element. Therefore, the absence of ICSBP leads to Nf1 deficiency, impairing down-regulation of Ras activation by GM-CSF or M-CSF. These results suggest that one mechanism of increased myeloid proliferation, in ICSBP-deficient cells, is decreased 2F1 gene transcription. This novel ICSBP function provides insight into regulation of myelopoiesis under normal conditions and in myeloproliferative disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)50874-50885
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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