Binding of interferon-α (IFN-α) to its receptor on hematopoletic cells activates the signal transducers and activators of transcription (Stat)- and insulin receptor substrate (IRS)pathways, and regulates expression of antiproliferative and antiviral activities. However, it remains unknown whether these two pathways cooperate in the generation of IFN-α responses or function independently, and whether IRS-proteins transduce distinct downstream signals in response to IFNs or insulin/insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1-mediated activation. Our data show that in response to IFN-α treatment, IRS-1 functions selectively as a docking protein for the SH2 domains of the p85 subunit of the PI 3'-kinase, but not the SH2 domain of Grb-2 which is engaged during insulin/IGF-1 signaling. In studies with THP-1 human myelomo-nocytic cells and 32D mouse myeloid cells, which are IRS- defective, we found that the IFN-α-regulated activation of Stat-1, Stat-2, and Stat-3 does not require the function of the IRS-system. Furthermore, THP- 1 cells are responsive to the protective effect of IFN-α against vesicular stomatitis virus. Both 32D and THP-1 cells were resistant to the growth inhibitory effect of IFN-α, but this effect was not reversible by expression of IRS-1 or IRS-2 alone in 32D cells. Taken altogether these data show that: (1) The IRS-system transduces common and distinct signals in response to IFN- α or insulin/IGF-1 stimulation of hematopoietic cells. (2) The IRS-pathway operates separately from the Star-pathway, and its function is not essential for the generation of the antiviral effect of IFN-α. (3) Neither the IRS- nor the Star-pathways alone are sufficient to mediate the antiproliferative effects of IFN-α in hematopoietic cells, and additional signaling elements are required.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - Oct 1 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology