The ketogenic diet for the treatment of pediatric status epilepticus

Sunila E. O'Connor*, Candy Richardson, Willam H. Trescher, Debra L. Byler, Joan D. Sather, Elizabeth H. Michael, Kelly B. Urbanik, Jennifer L. Richards, Ronald Davis, Mary L. Zupanc, Beth Zupec-Kania

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Refractory status epilepticus carries a high risk of morbidity and mortality for children. Traditional treatment of status epilepticus consists of multiple anticonvulsant drugs and, if needed, induction of a medical coma. The ketogenic diet has been used for intractable epilepsy for many years. The purpose of this article is to report a case series of five patients with refractory status epilepticus successfully managed with the ketogenic diet. Methods A summary of pediatric patients with refractory status epilepticus treated with diet was performed. Conclusions Ketogenic diet therapy should be considered as a treatment option in pediatric patients with refractory status epilepticus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-103
Number of pages3
JournalPediatric neurology
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • epilepsy
  • ketogenic diet
  • pediatric
  • refractory
  • status epilepticus
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology

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