The kinase activity of pseudorabies virus US3 is required for modulation of the actin cytoskeleton

Céline Van den Broeke, Matthias Deruelle, Hans J. Nauwynck, Kelly E. Coller, Gregory A. Smith, Jan Van Doorsselaere, Herman W. Favoreel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations


Different viruses exploit the host cytoskeleton to facilitate replication and spread. The conserved US3 protein of the alphaherpesvirus pseudorabies virus induces actin stress fiber disassembly and formation of actin-containing cell projections, which are associated with enhanced intercellular virus spread. Proteins of members of other virus families, notably vaccinia virus F11L protein and human immunodeficiency virus Nef protein, induce actin rearrangements that are very similar to those induced by US3. Interestingly, unlike F11L and Nef, the US3 protein displays serine/threonine kinase activity. Here, we report that the kinase activity of pseudorabies virus US3 is absolutely required for its actin modulating activity. These data show that different viruses have developed independent mechanisms to induce very similar actin rearrangements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)155-160
Number of pages6
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1 2009


  • Actin
  • Cell projections
  • Herpesvirus
  • Kinase activity
  • Pseudorabies virus
  • Stress fibers
  • US3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology


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